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COP26:解锁气候变化的关键词******

第26届联合国气候变化大会(COP26)即将举行,气候变化无疑是当今最重大国际议题之一,也是人类未来生存面临的主要挑战之一,但用来阐述气候变化方方面面的科技语言和词汇经常令人感到费解。这篇文章将为您解读一些关于COP26 气候变化会议相关的专用术语。

COP26: Climate change - what do all the words mean?

COP26, the climate change conference taking place in the Scottish city of Glasgow, is right around the corner.

COP26 气候变化会议即将在苏格兰格拉斯哥市举行。

You're likely to hear a lot about the conference, but even if you're really interested in climate change, sometimes the scientific language used to talk about it can be tricky to understand.

您可能会听到很多关于会议的信息,但即使您真的对气候变化感兴趣,有时用来谈论它的科学语言也很难理解。

That's where we come in! We've created this handy jargon-buster to explain some of the key terms you'll be hearing at COP26.

这篇文章将为您解读一些关于COP26 气候变化会议相关的专用术语。

1.5 degrees

The planet's temperature is getting warmer. Scientists say that we need to stop the rise from getting over 1.5 degrees Celsius in order to avoid the worst impacts of climate change.

It is compared to pre-industrial times, which means before the industrial revolution, which was a period of technological advancement that saw the beginning of large scale carbon emissions by humans.

The average global temperature has already gone up by about 1 degree Celsius.

1.5 摄氏度 (1.5℃)

地球的温度正在持续升高。科学家认为,将全球平均气温上升幅度控制在 1.5 摄氏度以内将可避免出现气候变化带来的最坏后果;

这是与“前工业时代”相比,这意味着在代表着技术进步的工业革命之前,人类开始大规模碳排放。

自工业革命开始以来,地球气温已经上升了大约 1℃。

Carbon footprint

This refers to the amount of carbon emitted over a certain period of time, for example, your carbon footprint is bigger if you drive somewhere, than if you walk.

Individuals and groups of people such as companies can have carbon footprints.

Products can also have a footprint, which refers to how much carbon is emitted when they are made.

碳足迹(碳脚印,Carbon footprint)

这个词是指一段时间内排放的碳量,例如,如果您开车到某个地方,您的碳足迹比步行要大。

个人或组织(例如公司)可能会产生碳足迹。

产品也可以有足迹,这是指生产该产品时排放的碳量。

Carbon neutral

If something is carbon neutral, it means that the amount of carbon dioxide (CO2) it releases into the atmosphere is the same amount as it takes out. Carbon dioxide (CO2) is a major cause of climate change.

碳中和(Carbon neutral)

碳中和的意思是指某物质释放到大气中的二氧化碳 (CO2) 的量与其吸收的量相同。二氧化碳 (CO2) 是气候变化的主要原因。

Climate change

Climate means patterns of weather over a long period of time. For example, the climate in the UK sees us getting mild and wet winters, and warm and dry summers.

Climate change means these patterns start to look different, and we can start to see extreme weather patterns emerging that we're not used to, such as heatwaves or long periods of heavy rain.

气候变化 (Climate Change)

气候是指很长一段时间内的天气模式。例如,英国的气候让我们看到了温暖潮湿的冬天和温暖干燥的夏天。

气候变化意味着这些模式开始有所变化,我们可以开始看到我们不习惯的极端天气出现,例如热浪或长时间的大雨。

COP

This stands for Conference Of the Parties. It's the name of the annual climate change negotiations organised by the United Nations (UN). The meeting in Glasgow is the 26th time this has happened, so it is known as COP26.

COP

这个词指缔约方会议。这是联合国(UN)组织的年度气候变化谈判的名称。在格拉斯哥举行的会议是第26届气候变化会议,因此被称为 COP26。

Emissions

Emissions are any releases of gases that contribute to global warming, such as CO2.

They can be smaller individual emissions such as from car engines, or they can be larger, such as those from coal-burning power stations.

排放(Emissions)

排放是指任何能导致全球变暖的气体(如二氧化碳)的释放。

这些气体可以小到汽车尾气,也可以大到燃煤发电站产生的废气。

Feedback loop

In a feedback loop, the rising temperatures of Earth change the environment in ways that affect how quickly the planet gets warmer. Sometimes these changes make the temperatures rise faster, and this is called a positive feedback loop.

An example of this is the sea-ice in the Arctic. The big white ice spaces in this part of the world currently reflect the Sun's rays away, but when they melt and the surface colour becomes a darker blue or green, the Sun's rays start to get absorbed.

In short, less sea ice means more warming, which means more ice melts.

反馈环(反馈回路,Feedback loop)

在反馈环中,地球温度升高以影响地球变暖速度的方式改变环境。有时这些变化会使温度上升得更快,这称为正反馈环。

这方面的一个例子是北极的海冰。北极地区的大白冰空间目前将太阳光线反射出去,但是当它们融化并且表面颜色变成深蓝色或绿色时,太阳光线开始被吸收。

简而言之,更少的海冰意味着更多的变暖,这又会导致更多的冰融化。

Geo-engineering

This is any technology that can help in the fight against climate change. Some people think that geo-engineering will be crucial in tackling climate change, but others believe that changing behaviours (like taking fewer flights) will be far more important.

地球工程学(Geo-engineering)

这是指可以帮助应对气候变化的技术。有些人认为地球工程对于应对气候变化至关重要,但其他人认为改变人类行为(例如减少飞行)将更为重要。

IPCC

This stands for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. It's a group that was set up by the United Nations and World Meteorological Organisation.

Its role is to analyse scientific research on climate change.

IPCC

全称是“政府间气候变化专门委员会”(Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change),由联合国和世界气象组织共同设立的科学机构。

它的目的和职责是分析气候变化的科学研究。

Runaway climate change

Right now, scientists think we should be able to keep climate change under control, if we all make a number of changes.

However, there is a concern that if our climate keeps changing at its current rate, it will eventually reach a 'tipping point', after which it will be incredibly difficult to stop or reverse the effects of climate change.

In 2018, the IPCC said that global emissions must be reduced by 45% by 2030, and to net zero by 2050 to have a 50% chance of limiting temperature rises to 1.5C this century.

International leaders at the conference will be talking about how they plan to reach those targets.

气候变化失控(Runaway climate change)

现在,科学家们认为,如果我们都做出一些改变,我们应该能够控制气候变化。

然而,有人担心,如果我们的气候以目前的速度持续变化,它最终将达到一个“临界点”,之后就很难阻止或扭转气候变化的影响。

2018 年,IPCC 表示,到 2030 年全球排放量必须减少 45%,到 2050 年达到净零排放量,才有 50% 的机会将本世纪气温上升限制在 1.5C。

本次会议中,各国领导人将对实现这些目标的计划进行讨论。

World Cup qualifying playoffs to be played over single leg: FIFA******

RIO DE JANEIRO, Nov. 19 (Xinhua) -- Intercontinental playoffs to qualify for next year's World Cup in Qatar will be played over one leg, world football governing body FIFA said on Friday.。

The highest ranking teams that miss automatic qualification from the African, Asian, South American and CONCACAF (North and Centra American and Caribbean) regions will contest the final two World Cup slots with a single match at a neutral venue.。

FIFA said the decision was due to the "unprecedented disruption" caused by COVID-19.。

It added that the matches are scheduled for June 13 and 14 but did not say where they would take place.。

The draw for the playoffs will be held on Friday.。

Next year's World Cup is scheduled to run from November 21 to December 18.。

A home and away format for World Cup playoffs had been in place since the qualifying periods for the 1986 tournament in Mexico. Enditem。

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西安碑林博物馆、汉景帝阳陵博物院发布暂停开放公告******

  10月21日,西安碑林博物馆发布暂停开放公告:根据西安市最新疫情防控工作需要,西安碑林博物馆自2021年10月21日11:30起暂停开放,恢复开放时间另行通知。已经网上预约的观众可通过原预约渠道自行申请退款。如有疑问或需要帮助可致电029-87253331。

  

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  10月21日,汉景帝阳陵博物院发布公告:根据最新疫情防控工作安排,汉景帝阳陵博物院(汉阳陵国家考古遗址公园)自2021年10月22日起暂停开放,恢复开放时间另行通知。已在网上预约的游客,请通过原预约渠道申请退款。如有疑问或需帮助可致电029—62657530,029—62657569。

  

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  华商报记者 马虎振



来源:华商网-华商报

编辑:报社方正

3月18日西安新增1例确诊病例活动轨迹公布******

  3月18日0-24时,西安市新增1例本土确诊病例,轻型,为集中隔离发现。现将主要活动轨迹公布如下(未公布的时间段尚未发现有公共场所活动轨迹):

  确诊病例92:女,31岁,为确诊病例78的密切接触者。集中隔离期间核酸检测结果阳性,3月18日经市级专家组诊断为新冠肺炎确诊病例(轻型)。

  时间活动轨迹

  3月11日-3月14日永新苑(永兴园)3号院3单元(兴中路)

  3月12日20:50卖饼流动摊位[永新苑(永兴园)右侧十字路口]

  3月13日10:00老马家优质肉丁胡辣汤[永新苑(永兴园)]

  3月14日10:49重庆鲜面条(兴中路大观园市场三厅进门右手边第二家店)

  请与公布的病例轨迹有交集的人员,尽快主动向社区、单位、宾馆等报告,配合做好集中隔离、居家隔离、健康监测、核酸检测等各项防控措施。


来源:西安发布

编辑:王蜀周秦

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